The 1st energy studies Think-Tank in Romania.

Analysis

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This paper assesses the capabilities of the Romanian Navy in light of latest military and security developments in the Black Sea. It provides an insight on the background, current shape and modernization plans for the Romanian navy and its components (the 56th Frigate Flotilla, the naval aviation capability, the 50th Corvette Squadron, the 150th Naval Missile Squadron, the 146th mine warfare squadron, Romania’s Danube flotilla, and the special ops squadron) and concludes with recommendations for the future development of the service.

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A constellation of disruptive factors looms on the horizon: Brexit, U.S. elections and the possibility of a Donald Trump presidency, then there are the unusual events in Turkey this summer. The “black swan” events are multiplying and challenge established conventions. This Special Report is a unique collection of views on key security issues facing the North Atlantic Alliance and its members. The architecture of the Report is designed around four topics: the A2/AD issue after the Warsaw Summit, a discussion of ballistic missile defense in Europe, nuclear deterrence and Turkey... + Read more

The essay looks at how Romania’s relations with USA and Russia evolved since 1989 until today. Where they were at the beginning of 1990s, how they developed in the first post-communist decade, what were its main drivers in the following decade and what is the status today. The world is now a very different place compared to 25 years ago: there is more chaos, more challenges, and less stability. The article uses a historical perspective to highlight elements of continuity and those of novelty in Romania’s post communist foreign policy. It identifies factors that define the cur... + Read more

This essay deals with the security challenges faced by Romania in the near and medium term, both at regional and global level. Outside security risks can be augmented by internal vulnerabilities, therefore Romania’s security situation is assessed from the perspective of its internal political dynamic as well as that of current external threat such as the Ukrainian crisis, a resurgent Russia, the migrant crisis and combating terrorism. A special attention is given to defense issues, in particular: defense planning, strategic partnerships and defense procurement. The analysis off... + Read more

Kenneth E. F. Watt, a professor at University of California Davis, published a book 42 years ago titled «The Titanic Effect: Planning for the unthinkable» (Sinauer Associates Inc.,U.S., 1974) in which he argued that the passengers on the famous ship, considered at the dawn of the XXth century to be the safest in the world, made the mistake to think that it was unsinkable. So do many of those that hold in their hands the fate of a community or a country and think that inaction or bad action has no long term effect from one election cycle to another, to say no... + Read more

The paper tracks the unfolding domestic reform in Ukraine. Despite Crimea’s annexation and the war in the East, Ukraine made genuine progress in implementing much delayed economic reform, but starting slow-walking through the process in 2016 drawing the ire of its foreign partners and domestic civil society. The analysis maps the stakeholders involved in this accelerated modernization process, assesses the relation with the International Financial Institutions, the EU, the USA and Energy Community, and makes an inventory of achievements and failures of this steep reform process... + Read more

This analysis is meant to offer an overview of key developments in Romania’s energy sector during 2010-2014. It does not cover all energy subsectors, but focuses on several instead: oil, natural gas, coal, electricity, and renewables. The text was written during fall 2015, reviewed in February 2016, and represents the Romania Country Chapter in the major forthcoming study “South East Europe Energy Outlook 2015-2016” coordinated by the Institute of Energy for South East Europe (IENE) in Greece.

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Anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) bubbles are emerging around the world, including in the Black Sea. They can alter the security equation and weaken the Western deterrence capital. How will the NATO alliance choose to respond to these new emerging trends in its near abroad? What is the appropriate military and non-military response to hybrid warfare? A hybrid warfare calls for a hybrid defense, and hybrid defense requires also non-military means: a whole-of-government approach, a mix of soft and hard power tools, civilian and military cultures, state-centric and private (NGOs and m... + Read more

God is in the details, it is said. That holds true in everything, including geological exploration. 3D controlled-source Electro Magnetic (CSEM) has entered the market almost 15 years ago and is considered a cutting edge technology used by O&G companies for marine subsoil exploration. This special report examines what CSEM is, how it works, and what is its biggest added value. We talk with industry players (technology owners and users alike) and ask them how this new tool is being used in E&P processes and decision making. The overarching conclusion that seems to emerge i... + Read more

China is rising to great power status faster than any previous great power in history. Not only is China looking to shape its relations with Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), but Romania too is looking to adapt to the most substantial change in the international system since the end of the Cold War by transforming its relations with China. But, reconstructing the bilateral relationship is far more challenging and far from a pre-ordained enterprise it first appears to be. This report looks into Romanian-Chinese relations in 2015, bilateral trade, current level of Sino-Romanian eco... + Read more